A cardiologist is a doctor who specializes in the treatment of conditions and illnesses that affect the heart. Since the heart is such a vital and intricate organ, it takes many years of training, along with specialization, in order to be board certified as a cardiologist in Phoenix. There are four main types of cardiologists and they each provide their patients with a particular type of treatment and care.
• In order to become an interventional cardiologist, once the three years of residency have been completed, there is an additional requirement of between one to three years of training so that they are able to perform surgeries that are more advanced. Much of their time is spent in the hospital operating room performing operations such as mesh stent replacements, balloon angioplasty, plaque removal (atheroectomy) and repairs to the valves of the heart.
• In order to diagnose, treat, and prevent problems with the heart, a non-invasive cardiologist will thoroughly examine patients and order relevant tests such as an electrocardiogram, or a stress test. This type of specialist is seen in their office, not in the hospital. Once they have the results of the exams and the tests, they can then determine if it is possible for the patient to be treated with changes to their lifestyle and medication. If the only option is for surgery to be performed, the cardiologist will have the patient transferred to a different doctor.
• This type of cardiologist is able to perform all of the tests and exams that are done by a non-invasive cardiologist, with the difference being that they are permitted to execute minor operations. One example of a minor operation that they would do is catheterization, which is used to locate arteries in the heart that have been blocked. These procedures are so minor that they can often be done right in the office of the cardiologist. If they happen to find a blockage in the arteries then the patient will be referred to an interventional cardiologist.
• This type of cardiologist is a specialist in the study of electrical stimulus of the heart and focuses on looking for arrhythmias, and other irregular heartbeat patterns and problems that if left untreated may lead to cardiac arrest. They perform many tests, including an echocardiogram, which is a non-invasive and painless test that receives an image of the heart by the use of sound waves. Along with prescribing drug therapies for their patients, board certified as a cardiologist also perform surgeries such as pacemaker and defibrillator installation in order to reduce the chance of heart failure.
If you are looking for a cardiologist for a child, not everyone takes children as patients. You will need to look for a cardiologist in Phoenix who specializes in pediatric cardiology. Children are so much smaller than adults that it requires an even greater amount of infinite precision to successfully treat their heart problems.